The origin of the dance is located in prehistory, where used to have a spiritual charactersince it was used as part of different rituals and traditions that were transmitted from generation to generation.

(Read also: History of the dance of the Garabato of the Barranquilla Carnival).

The dance or dance is also called as ‘body language’ and it’s worth one sequence of body movements that rhythmically accompany the music.

At the moment There are many dances around the world and in different cultures, each with its own rules and steps. that must be respected for its execution. In addition, they require training and the particular quality of each dancer.


According to the web portal of ‘AcademiaLab’, it is not possible to identify with exact precision when dance became part of human culture.

However, archeology offers traces of dance from prehistoric timessuch as the 10,000-year-old ‘Bhimbetka’ rock shelter paintings in India.

On the other hand, it is said that the first to understand dance as an art form were the ancient greekswho linked it to the cult of Dionysus —god of fertility, wine and leisure—, and it was part of theatrical practices along with music and poetry.


indian classical dance

One of the earliest manuscripts describing the dance is the ‘Natya Shastra’which is based on the modern interpretation of classical Indian dance.

It is said that during the reign of the last Mongols and Nawabs of Oudh, the dance fell into the state of nautch, an unethical sensuality of courtesans.

Later, after linking the dance with immoral trafficking and prostitution, the British government forbade his public execution, which many disapproved of. But in 1947 India won its freedom and created an environment for dance in which it could recover its past splendor.

That being said, dance emerged with a new face but with the classism of the past.

chinese dance

According to different web portals, there is a long recorded history of Chinese dances. But some of the dances in the ancient texts mention that they were associated with shamanic rituals.

On the other hand, it is considered that the important dances of the ancient period were the ‘ceremonial yayue’, dating from the Zhou dynasty, 1st millennium BC.

Also, the art of dance in China reached its heyday during the Tang dynastya period when dancers from many parts of the world also performed at the imperial court.

Chinese opera became popular during the Song and Yuan dynasties, and many dances were fused with Chinese opera.

(Keep reading: The dance of the Chicha).


XV-XIX centuries: from court ball to romanticism

On the other hand, it is said that the origins of the dance go back to the Italian Renaissance courts of the XV centurywhere dancing masters would teach the steps of the nobility, and the court would take part in performances as a form of social entertainment.

This practice continued for several centuries. And it was in the century XVII when the courtly ballet reached its apogee under the government of King Louis XIV.

For him century XVIIIthe ballet had migrated from the royal courts of France and Italy to the Paris Opera, under the careful direction of composer and dancer Jean-Baptiste Lully. Under his influence, ballet became a recognized art that was performed by professional dancers rather than courtiers.

The era of romanticism produced ballets inspired by fantasy, mysticism, and unknown cultures from exotic places.

Early 20th century: from ballet to contemporary dance

Since the Ballets Russes began to revolutionize ballet in the early 20th century, there have been continuous attempts to break the mold of classical ballet.

It was during the explosion of new thought and exploration, at the beginning of the twentieth century, that the dance artists began to appreciate the qualities of the individual, the needs of ritual and religion, the primitive, the expressive and emotional.

(Of interest: Twerk or twerking: what parts of the body are exercised with it?).


According to the aforementioned web portal, African dance mainly refers to dance styles from Sub-Saharan Africa, where many are based on traditional rhythms and musical traditions of the region.

It is said that the styles of modern African dance are deeply rooted in culture and tradition. Therefore, many tribes live solely for the purpose of passing down their dance traditions.

Many of those dances have been passed down through the centuries without change and with little or no room for improvisation. Besides, each tribe was able to develop their own unique style.

Like all the arts, The dance has evolved as time goes by along with the human society.

In some cases accompanied by acts of significance ritual, such as weddings, celebrations, religious rites; something that happens to this day.

In addition, it has been developed show and entertainmentthus becoming one of the so-called performing artsand is usually accompanied by music.


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