Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany and chancellor of this country during the Second World Warthe man had excessive ambitions that went beyond the political and military field.
Between his most extravagant projects was the construction of a megacity called ‘Welthauptstadt Germania’, intended renew berlin and that his new project would become the ‘capital of the world’. Hitler wanted this megacity It was the epicenter of Nazi ideology, which is why he designed it as a “symbol of power and greatness of the Nazi regime.”
The portal of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ensures that National Socialism or in German nationalsozialismuspopularly known as Nazism, was the far-right ideology of the regime that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under the power of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party of Adolf Hitler.
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The city project, which would become the ‘capital of the world’, was designed in the 1920s, but it acquired greater relevance from 1933, when Hitler assumed power in this country. To make reality, the vision of the dictator implied the demolition and reconstruction of much of Berlin, Currently the capital of Germany.
The designs of ‘Welthauptstadt Germany’ were made by albert speerwho was born in 1905 and was apprenticed to the architect Heinrich Tessenow, who stood out for his designs among the traditional classicism and modern functionalism.
In 1931, Albert Speer became Hitler’s architect and was commissioned to design the buildings that would make up the delirious city that the Nazi dictator intended to turn into the ‘capital of the world’ and which would be inspired by the architecture of Babylon and Rome.
What was the ‘capital of the world’ like that Hitler planned to build?
In various statements made by the architect Albert Speer, after the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, He said that Hitler commissioned him to design the “total plan for the Imperial Capital”, that would be put under construction at the end of the war and whose main purpose, according to Hitler, was “a symbolic and practical center of the new global German empire”.
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Speer assures that modesty had no place in Hitler’s vision, because he wanted his crazy project to have a Prachtallee (walk of splendours) of five kilometers and that will cross the city from North to Southan endless number of ceremonial avenues that will connect to another city project near Berlin, Nordstern (Polar Star) that would be located near Trondheim, Norway, and will connect with Klagenfurt, Austria, by a new road approximately 2,500 kilometers long.
Similarly, Hitler claimed that its absurd ‘capital of the world’ had an Arc de Triomphe, obviously bigger than the one in Paris, because according to his opinion, ‘Napoleon was nothing but a dwarf’. Also, the design, one of the most important buildings of the government of Nazi Germany, would have as a source of inspiration the ‘Gallery of Mirrors of Versailles’ obviously, Speer’s designs were twice as big and ostentatious.
The vast majority of Adolf Hitler’s designs and plans to make Nazi Germany the ‘capital of the world’ are in the Library of Congress in Washington and is known to have more than 3,000 documents on architecture from Hitler’s private bookstore.
Hitler’s plan was that Nazi Germany would become the ‘capital of the world’ and would be classified as a political, cultural and propaganda center, which, furthermore, symbolize Nazi domination over the planet.
It is important to note that although the project of “Welthauptstadt Germania” or ‘capital of the world’ According to Hitler, it’s an interesting aspect of the story, but it’s also represents the horrors and destructive ideology of the Nazi regime. World War II and the Holocaust left a legacy of suffering and destruction that must be remembered and condemned.
Why didn’t the construction of ‘Welthauptstadt Germania’ happen?
The construction of Hitler’s ‘capital of the world’, known as
‘Welthauptstadt Germania’, was not carried out due to several reasons, among which are:
- Second World War: the outbreak of World War II in 1939 diverted the resources and attention of the Nazi regime towards the war. Resources for construction were allocated to the war, which limited the resources available for architectural and urban projects.
- material shortage: During the war, Germany faced a shortage of materials and resources due to the bombing of the Allied countries and the economic blockade of them. These limitations made it difficult to carry out large-scale construction projects like the ‘capital of the world’.
- Nazi defeat: as the war progressed, the rivals advanced into German territory and finally defeated the Nazi regime in 1945. After the defeat, the inhabitants and military forces were mainly concerned with rebuilding and removing any symbols of the defeated Nazi regime, among These are Hitler’s projects.
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In addition to the above, it is also important to mention that the plans of ‘the capital of the world’ reflected a megalomaniac vision and a destructive ideologyTherefore, the defeat of the Nazi regime and the subsequent condemnation of its terrifying and reprehensible methods played a significant role in the failure to carry out the programmed projects.
The worst crimes of Nazi Germany
The Nazi regime, led by the German politician, soldier and dictator, Adolf Hitler, this period left endless atrocities and crimes against humanity, which is why it is known as one of the darkest periods in modern history.
- Holocaust and extermination of Jews: the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum in Poland, indicates that the Holocaust is undoubtedly one of the most heinous and reprehensible crimes committed during the Nazi regime. In the same way, the archive of this place refers to the fact that there were approximately six million Jews who were systematically persecuted, deported and murdered in extermination camps such as Auschwitz, Treblinka and Sobibor.
- Euthanasia of people with disabilities: the book “The destruction of European Jews” by Raul Hilberg, mentions that one of the most reprehensible crimes committed by the Nazi regime was the forced euthanasia of people with physical and mental disabilities, this was done through the “euthanasia” program Known as Aktion T4, mass murders of people deemed “undesirable” by the regime were carried out.
- Inhumane Medical Experiments: Some testimonies from survivors of this dark era have indicated that during the Nazi regime, numerous inhumane medical experiments were carried out on concentration camp prisoners. These experiments resulted from exposure to extreme conditions, performing surgeries without anesthesia, and testing new drugs and treatments, which caused suffering and death.
- Concentration camps and forced labor: The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, United States, mentions that concentration camps were places of horror, where millions of people were imprisoned, tortured, and subjected to forced labor. In addition to the Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, political prisoners and other minorities were also persecuted and killed.
The Nazi montage that started World War II
ALEJANDRA HERNANDEZ TORRES
DIGITAL SCOPE WRITING
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Original Publisher: https://www.eltiempo.com/cultura/gente/la-absurda-megaciudad-que-adolfo-hitler-planeaba-convertir-en-la-capital-del-mundo-782584